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Electric Cars in India: Pursuable Dream vs Profitable Future

The pollution-free environment is a dream and also a future that the world is craving. The steady growth of electric cars in India is creating a road for a pollution-free transport system. With six cities on the list of 10 most polluted cities in the world, electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles are the must transition for the future.

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Image: CHUTTERSNAP by Unsplash

With increasing pollution and deteriorating air quality, India is looking hopefully toward an eco-friendly transport system. The electric vehicle and hybrid industry is showing steady growth in India. Various schemes launched by the Government to promote electric and hybrid cars are a sign that ICE is no longer the future. Big automobile manufacturers are coming up with new ideas and are launching different battery-operated and hybrid vehicles.

However, the future is very promising, mass adoption is not yet possible. India is still far behind in terms of EV infrastructure and vehicles are too expensive. Nonetheless, the government and manufacturers are investing in EVs and we can hope for strong growth in the EV sector because of the efforts of the manufacturers to make EVs cheaper.

Electric or Hybrid? Which is better?

Functioning of an electric car: Electric cars work on an electric engine that is powered by a lithium-ion battery. Plugging an electric vehicle into a charging station allows it to draw power from the grid. They power an electric motor, which rotates the wheels, by storing the electricity in rechargeable batteries.

Functioning of a hybrid car: Hybrid vehicles combine batteries with internal combustion engines. That means it uses both fuel and battery to spin the wheels of the car. Regenerative braking and the internal combustion engine work together to charge the battery and it does not require a plug-in to charge.

Electric cars are more eco-friendly and it is fun to drive. But, hybrid engines have an upper hand in long-distance travel as the engines switch between petrol and electricity and charge themselves.

In India, electric cars are much cheaper than hybrid cars. And, another advantage that Electric cars have over hybrid cars is that they are dependent on batteries, so there are zero emissions. This clears all the noise and everyone is inclining toward electrical engines.

Reasons to switch to electric cars in India

Cheaper to operate: ICE uses fuel that is expensive and emits harmful gasses. Electric engines are dependent on electricity that is much cheaper than fuel.

Low-cost maintenance: Electrical engines have few moving parts that count up to 300- 350 as compared to ICE whose moving parts range is 1000- 1200. A low amount of moving parts makes the electrical engine last longer.

Energy efficiency: As compared to Fuel engines electrical engines are far better and more efficient. According to ARAI(Automotive Research Association of India), the average cost of traveling in ICE vehicles is approximately Rs10/km and Rs3-3.5/km on electrical engines.

Government subsidy: In India, you can get a 15-25% subsidy on Electric vehicles under the Phase-2 Fame subsidy. espite being eco-friendly and futuristic, In India, Electric cars are facing some obstacles that need to be overcome.

Expensive: Despite being provided with subsidies electric vehicles are a little more expensive than fuel-operated vehicles.

Battery life: A lithium-ion battery that is used in electric cars only lasts up to 6-7 years, 8 years hardly. After that, it starts to decay.

Charging infrastructure: India is far behind in terms of charging stations for electric cars. The number of charging stations is negligible as compared to the fuel stations.

Time-consuming: Charging electric cars is a time-consuming task. It takes too much time compared to filling the tanks in minutes.

Driving range: Recent developments have increased the driving range of Electric cars but it is still far behind the capacity of a fuel engine.

How to charge electric cars in India?

Electric cars can be charged at home or office as long as you have a wall box charger. The vehicle can be charged at charging stations and the apps provided by the car companies can help you to locate the nearest stations and make payments.

The cost depends on the electricity tariff in your state, which normally ranges from Rs 8 to Rs 10 per unit.

The government is working on releasing a master app that will serve as a one-stop shop and give information on the location and availability of car charging stations. This is expected to speed up the adoption of electric vehicles and reduce range anxiety among end users.  The super app is expected to go online in the next 4-6 weeks.

Public electric car charging station in India

As you already know that the Electric vehicle industry is growing steadily and the government is aggressively promoting EVs. One of the main problems that the sector is facing in India is the lack of charging infrastructure. India needs lots of charging stations right now and it is the right time to invest in the sector.

Requirements to open a charging station

Land: Regulations for land are very flexible. Opposite to petrol pumps no particular size of the land is required. Space in which cars can enter, stand and exit comfortably is enough.

Chargers and their costs: For public charging stations Two types of chargers are mandatory.

  • Fast charger:
    •   CCS: Rs 7,50,000
    •   Chademo: Rs 7,50,000
    •   Type 2 ac (22KW): Rs 1,30,000
  • Slow charger:
    •    DC 001 (15KW): Rs 2,50,000
    •    Three AC-001 (10KW): 25,000×3= Rs 75,000

Transformer: For opening a public charging station a personal transformer is a must.

License: According to the guidelines of the Power Ministry of India, anyone can install an EV charging station in India without a license.

Electric cars available for purchase in India and their price:

S.No.ModelEx-Showroom Price(Onwards)
1Tata Tigor EVRs. 12.49 Lakhs
2Tata Nexon PrimeRs. 14.99 Lakhs
3Tata Nexon EVRs. 14.99 Lakhs
4Tata Nexon EV MaxRs. 18.34 Lakhs
5KONA ElectricRs. 23.85 Lakhs
6MG ZS EVRs. 25.88 Lakhs
7Volvo XC40Rs. 55.90 Lakhs
8Mini Cooper SERs. 59.90 Lakhs
9Kia EV6Rs. 59.95 Lakhs
10BMW i4Rs. 69.90 Lakhs
11Mercedes Benz EQCRs. 99.51 Lakhs
12Jaguar I-PaceRs. 1.08 Cr
13Audi e_tronRs. 1.1 Cr
14BMW iXRs. 1.16 Cr
15Audi e_tron SportbackRs. 1.19 Cr
16Porsche TaycanRs. 1.53 Cr
17Audi e_tron GTRs. 1.66 Cr
18Porsche Taycan Cross TurismoRs. 1.74 Cr

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